What are Apple?
Apples (Malus domestica) are pomaceous fruits produced by apple tree that belongs to the Rosaceae family. The skin of apples is thin but sturdy and the inner flesh is thick and juicy; the fruit, it softens as it ripens. The inner core holds the seeds, which can be detrimental for your health if consumed in excess. The nutrients are in the flesh and the skin, which are a rich source of anthocyanins and tannins. The expression remains true: ‘An apple a day keeps the doctor away!
Apples are a popular fruit, containing antioxidants, vitamins, dietary fiber, and a range of other nutrients. Due to their varied nutrient content, they may help prevent several health conditions.
An apple can taste sweet or sour, and its flavor can vary depending on what type you’re eating.
How many types of apple?
There are many varieties, including:
Apples are low in sodium, fat, and cholesterol. They don’t offer protein, but apples are a good source of vitamin .Apples are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, all of which benefit health. They also provide an array of antioxidants.
Apple contain a range of antioxidants, including:
One medium apple contain:
25 grams of carbohydrates
4 grams of fiber
19 grams of sugar
A variety of strong antioxidants.
what are the benefits of eating Apple?
Apples are delicious, nutritious and a handful may even help keep doctor away. The season of apples is here and we can’t wait to have our fill of these juicy and crunchy wonders. Whether you have them as a stand alone snack in the middle of a work-filled day or as part of salads, smoothies, pies or desserts, apples rarely disappoint. Furthermore, the extensive list of the health benefits that apples offer is hard to ignore. High in pectin fibre apples boost metabolic levels, help improve heart health and regulate body’s blood sugar levels by regulating the release of sugar. They are also packed with vitamin and minerals that promote healthy bones, teeth and skin.
Apple might help stave off Alzheimer’s disease
The health benefits of apples include the potential to ward off Alzheimer’s disease. Apples contain quercetin, a powerful antioxidant that protects brain cells from degeneration in rats and might do the same in humans.
Apple Good for Diabetics and Blood Sugar regulation
The fructose (a class of sugar) and antioxidant polyphenols in apples improve the metabolic balance and slow the rate at which sugar is absorbed in the body. This property of apples is especially effective for diabetics, who have to keep their blood sugar spike in check. Experts have also suggested that apples lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes because of a class of antioxidants called Anthocyanin, that is also responsible for red, purple and blue colors in fruits and veggies.
Apple can help prevent high blood pressure
There is overwhelming evidence that one-third of all cancer cases and half the incidences of cardiovascular disease and hypertension can be attributed to diet. Because apples are high in potassium, a mineral that helps control blood pressure, they can help reduce the risk of stroke.
Apple can protect your heart
Pectin fibre and other constituents, such as antioxidant polyphenols have been linked to reducing the levels of “unhealthy”(LDL) cholesterol, and slow down its oxidation. This further helps reduce the risk of hardening of arteries, damaging heart muscles and blood vessels.
Apple can boost your brain
Apples have also been linked to enhancing brain power. Apples up the acetylcholine production, which helps build a stronger communication between nerve cells and brain that further improve your memory and lower your chances of developing Alzheimer’s.
Apple for a Brighter Smile and Stronger Gums
Apples a great source of water and fiber that act as cleansing agents. It contains malic acid that boosts saliva production, hence removing bacteria from the mouth. They are also packed with vitamin and minerals that promote healthy teeth. The fibrous texture of apples also helps improving the health of your gums.
Apple can Protect your bones
Apples are also effective in strengthening bones and can play a crucial part in overall bone health. A certain favanoid phlorizin, found in apple skin, may help prevent bone loss associated with menopause, as it fights the inflammation and free radical production that leads to bone degeneration.
Apples Helps to Relieve Constipation and Diarrhoea
The high concentration of pectin fibre not only aids digestion but also regulates smoother bowel movements. According to the book ‘Healing Foods’, “Pectin has an amphoteric action. Paradoxically, it can prove relief from both constipation and diarrhoea depending on body’s needs.”
Apple can protect your skin,nails and eyes
Apples are a lunchbox and fruit bowl favourite, but they also contain plentiful nutrients for healthy skin. Their high content of vitamin C helps to build collagen, and their levels of copper (60 mcg in a large apple) encourage your skin to produce melanin, the pigment responsible for colour in your skin. This helps to protect your skin from UV rays and melanin also helps to build healthy tissues, hair and eyes.
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant, which reduces the free-radical damage to your skin cells caused by pollution or excess sun exposure. These free radicals breakdown the collagen and elastic fibres that support your skin, and can encourage fine lines and wrinkles to develop along with other signs of premature ageing.
Particularly when eaten with vitamin E-rich foods, vitamin C is excellent at protecting your skin from too much exposure to the sun